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Welcome To ETHICS CLASS

"Teaching The Golden Rule"

"Treat Others As You Would Like To Be Treated.

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"Treat Others As You Would Like To Be Treated"


"Treat Others As You Would Like To Be Treated."
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INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS CLASS

Welcome to Ethics Class. This is a free website which teaches the practical ethics of contemporary life in the real world. ETHICS is "the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong. The term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles." Source: Britannica.com

Everyone in the world can benefit from this course. And everyone is welcome here equally: people of all ages; people of all nationalities; people of all degrees of wealth or no wealth at all; people of all races or no race at all; people of all religions or no religion at all.

After you complete this half-hour course, you will be able to do the following things:

      1. Recite the Golden Rule, which is the most important rule for all 
         human interaction. "TREAT OTHERS AS YOU WOULD LIKE TO BE 
         TREATED."

      2. Recognize when the Golden Rule is being followed and when it is 
         not being followed. 

      3. Apply the Golden Rule to real situations in your own life.
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NOTE REGARDING THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: All public employees and agencies in the USA are free to refer people to this website without fear of "establishing religion," because this website does not promote any particular religion and neither does it oppose any particular religion. Yes, it mentions God, and thereby tends to establish "Theism." But if Theism is a religion in the Constitutional sense, then Atheism, its opposite, must also be a religion in the Constitutional sense. ("Atheism is the religion whose belief about God is that there is no God.") And to suppress Theism would be to establish Atheism by default. Therefore, nobody violates the U.S. Constitution by referring people to this website.

INTRODUCTION TO THE GOLDEN RULE

The guidance you will receive here is based on the most fundamental ethical truth, applied to our real world today:

"Treat Others As You Would Like To Be Treated."

This is the Golden Rule, which is accepted at least to some extent by all major religions and ethical systems.

The Clearest Expressions Of The Golden Rule

The Golden Rule is expressed twice in the Bible, and these are its clearest historical expressions, in the words of Jesus, translated.


       "Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men
        should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this
        is the law and the prophets." (Matthew 7:12 KJV)

       "And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye
        also to them likewise." (Luke 6:31 KJV)


And here are some of the best expressions of The Golden Rule in modern English.

   1. "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you."

   2. "Treat others as you would like to be treated."

   3. "Treat other people the way you would like to be treated."

   4. "Treat other people the way you want to be treated."

   5. "Whatever you want people to do to you, do that to them."


Other religions also accept and teach the Golden Rule.
     
                                 
                              The Golden Rule
     _________________________________________________________________
   
   HINDU: This is the sum of duty; do naught unto others which if done to
   thee would cause thee pain.

   ZOROASTRIAN: That nature alone is good which refrains from doing unto
   another whatsoever is not good for itself.

   TAOIST: Regard your neighbour's gain as your own gain, and your
   neighbour's loss as your own loss.

   BUDDHIST: Hurt not others in ways that you would find hurtful.

   CONFUCIAN: Do not unto others what you would not have them do unto
   you.

   JAIN: In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard
   all creatures as we regard our own self.

   JEWISH: Whatever thou hatest thyself, that do not to another.

   CHRISTIAN: All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you,
   do ye even so to them.

   ISLAMIC: No one of you is a believer until he desires for his brother
   that which he desires for himself.

   SIKH: As thou deemest thyself, so deem others.


Source: http://theosophy.org/tlodocs/GoldnRul.htm

You can learn more about the Golden Rule HERE!

APPLYING THE GOLDEN RULE

The easiest way to apply the Golden Rule to real life is to ask yourself the question "How would you like to be treated in similar circumstances?" Then treat the other person that way. Also consider the impact of your actions on all other people, not only those immediately before you.

We have a website devoted to applying the Golden Rule: Golden Rule Solutions.

Our central point here is that the Golden Rule, properly applied, is the best possible guideline for dealing with other people in every situation whatsoever: In war, in peace, at home, at school, on the job, in prison, during sex, during childhood, during middle life, during old age, in the hospital, during boot camp, etc., etc., etc. It should be applied in all situations whatsoever. In modern words, this means "Treat all other people, at all times and in every situation, as you would like to be treated if you were in their position." We summarize this as, "Treat others as you would like to be treated."

NOTE: This does not mean, "Always do anything that anyone asks you to do," because you need to consider the needs and desires of all the people whom your actions would affect, not merely the person who is making the request. Sometimes you would do more harm than good by doing whatever you are asked to do by anybody. (Many people misundertand this point, and so the Golden Rule seems weak and impractical to them.) Nevertheless, as a general rule if someone asks you for help, you should give them the help they request unless you have a very good reason not to give it. Why? Because this is what you would want if you were in their position!

In all situations, we mentally change places with the other person, putting ourself into his position. Then we see and feel how we would like to be treated if we were in his position. Then, we treat him this way. The basic question we ask is, "So how would you like it if somebody did that to you?"

If additional people would also be affected by our actions, we need to consider each of them in the same way, and act accordingly. So the Golden Rule needs to be applied broadly, to consider all people who would be affected by our actions, not just the person immediately before us.

We can quickly see that the Golden Rule always boils down to being a rule of sympathy and love for others, in harmony with the teaching, "Love all others as you love yourself." Even if you feel that you cannot possibly love others as you love yourself, it is still in your own personal self-interest to follow the Golden Rule, because "What You Do Comes Back To You."



The Most Perfect Example: Parable Of The Good Samaritan


The Parable Of The Good Samaritan is generally considered to be the most perfect example of applying the Golden Rule. As Jesus says, "Go and do likewise." Here is the story, faithfully translated from the original.



       LUKE 10:25-37 (RSV)

                           The Good Samaritan
         _____________________________________________________________

        25
               And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test,
               saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal
               life?"
        26
               He said to him, "What is written in the law? How do you
               read?"
        27
               And he answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with
               all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your
               strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as
               yourself."
        28
               And he said to him, "You have answered right; do this, and
               you will live."
        29
               But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And
               who is my neighbor?"
        30
               Jesus replied, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to
               Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and
               beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead.
        31
               Now by chance a priest was going down that road; and when
               he saw him he passed by on the other side.
        32
               So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw
               him, passed by on the other side.
        33
               But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was;
               and when he saw him, he had compassion,
        34
               and went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil
               and wine; then he set him on his own beast and brought him
               to an inn, and took care of him.
        35
               And the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to
               the innkeeper, saying, 'Take care of him; and whatever
               more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.'
        36
               Which of these three, do you think, proved neighbor to the
               man who fell among the robbers?"
        37
               He said, "The one who showed mercy on him." And Jesus said
               to him, "Go and do likewise."
         _____________________________________________________________


THE GOLDEN RULE APPLIED TO SIX SERIOUS ISSUES IN LIFE
"Treat Others As You Would Like To Be Treated."

1. HONOR AND RESPECT YOUR FATHER AND YOUR MOTHER. You want your children to honor and respect you, so you should honor and respect your parents.

2. DO NOT COMMIT MURDER. You don't want anybody murdering you, so don't you murder anyone else.

3. DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY. You don't want anyone else having sex with your husband or wife, so don't you have sex with theirs.

4. DO NOT STEAL. You don't want anyone stealing from you, so don't you steal from them.

5. DO NOT GIVE FALSE TESTIMONY AGAINST ANYONE. You don't want people telling lies against you, so don't you tell lies against them.

6. DO NOT SEEK TO TAKE OVER OTHER PEOPLE'S POSSESSIONS. You don't want other people seeking to take over what belongs to you, so don't you seek to take over what belongs to them.

THE GOLDEN RULE APPLIED TO TYPICAL EVERYDAY LIFE
"TREAT OTHERS AS YOU WOULD LIKE TO BE TREATED."

SMILE AND BE FRIENDLY.

You like it when people smile at you and behave in a friendly way. So do the same to them.

BE COURTEOUS.

You like it when people are courteous to you. And you dislike it when people are discourteous or rude to you. So be courteous in all of your dealings with others.

BE TRUTHFUL, WITHOUT GIVING OFFENSE.

REMEMBER THE OTHER PERSON'S NAME, AND USE IT FREQUENTLY.

You like it when other people remember and use your name. So do the same for them.

DON'T ARGUE.

Arguments are very negative. They poison good human relations. You don't like it when someone argues with you. So don't argue with them. And if you see an argument coming, take the appropriate steps to neutralize the argument before it causes too much damage.

FIND AREAS OF AGREEMENT.

Relationships are much better when both people focus on their areas of agreement rather than their areas of disagreement.

Most people agree on more things than they disagree on. So if you focus on your areas of agreement with the other person, your areas of disagreement will seem smaller and less important.

DON'T CRITICIZE.

Criticism builds hostility and bad attitudes. Criticism is poison to good human relations.

You don't like to be criticized; so don't criticize other people. They don't like it, either. And you won't help accomplish anything good by criticizing.

As your mother should have taught you, "If you can't say something nice, don't say anything at all."

SHOW HONEST APPRECIATION.

You like it when other people take the time and interest to recognize and appreciate the good things you do. So do the same for them. Everyone does some things worthy of appreciation. Find them, and recognize them in the other person.

TRY TO SEE THE OTHER PERSON'S POINT OF VIEW.

You like it when the other person understands your point of view and can see problems the way you see them. So do the same for him. Try looking at the situation from the other person's point of view.

GIVE YOUR FULL ATTENTION TO THE OTHER PERSON WHEN HE IS TALKING.

You like it when people pay full attention to you when you are talking. So do the same for them.

TALK ABOUT THE OTHER PERSON'S INTERESTS.

You like to have other people talk with you about your interests. So do the same for them. Find out what things they are interested in, and steer the conversation toward these things.

ADMIT YOU MAY BE WRONG.

This idea is surprisingly powerful and useful!

Here's what to say, whenever there is a disagreement as to a matter of fact: "Now, I may be wrong about this. I frequently am wrong about things. But this is the way it appears to me:" (And then state your beliefs.)

By admitting you may be wrong, and by admitting that you frequently are wrong (You are, you know. We all are.), you almost force the other person to admit that he, too, may be wrong! Then, with your egos out of the way, you can both search objectively for the truth!

And if you really are wrong this time, it will be much less embarrassing for you than if you had been stubbornly insisting that you were totally right!

LET THE OTHER PERSON DO MOST OF THE TALKING.

You like it when people let you do most of the talking. So do the same for them. It won't hurt you, and you might learn something.

LET THE OTHER PERSON TALK ABOUT HIMSELF.

You like to talk about yourself, don't you? We all like to talk about ourselves! But restrain the urge, and let the other person talk about himself, instead.

LET THE OTHER PERSON TAKE SOME CREDIT.

If something has worked out well, don't grab all the credit for yourself, even if you think you deserve it all. Spread the credit around, share it with the other people involved.

LET THE OTHER PERSON SAVE FACE.

The expression "saving face" means to maintain dignity, or not to look like an idiot or a worthless person. Sometimes people do things which make them look like an idiot or a worthless person. If you can rescue the other person in such a situation, and help him maintain his dignity, you have done a very good thing.

And maybe someone will do the same for you some day, when you need it most! "As you do, so shall it be done unto you."

HOLD THE OTHER PERSON TO HIGH STANDARDS WORTHY OF APPRECIATION.

You would like him to treat you as if you were worthy of appreciation. So treat the other person as if he were worthy of appreciation. People tend to live up to the expectations others have of them. If you expect a lot from someone, he tends to give you what you expect. Likewise, if you expect little from someone, that is what you tend to get.

So act honestly, and expect honesty from the other person; act morally, and expect morality from the other person; act fairly, and expect fairness from the other person.

DO MORE THAN YOU ARE ASKED TO DO: "GO THE EXTRA MILE."

You are pleasantly surprised when other people do more for you than you had asked, or more than you expect. So do the same for them: "Go the extra mile."

FORGIVE THE OTHER PERSON FOR WHATEVER HE HAS DONE BAD TO YOU.

The most troublesome harmful emotions are anger and resentment. They will mess you up in a thousand different ways. Even if they are totally justified, they are no good for you. You can neutralize anger and resentment by making a direct conscious decision to forgive the other person for whatever he may have done to cause you to feel anger and resentment toward him. This may seem like a difficult thing to do, but it is very important for you that you do it. Some people even believe that if you do not forgive others for their offenses against you, God will not forgive you for your offenses against Him.

         "For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father
          will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their
          trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses."
          (Matthew 6:14-15 KJV)

FINAL EXAM

Here is your final exam for Ethics Class. You can keep taking it as many times as you want until you get a perfect score.

                     Final Exam For Ethics Class


    1. Please state the Golden Rule in the form we have been using in
       Ethics Class.

    2. The most perfect example of applying the Golden Rule is found
       in which historical document?

               Caesar's Gaulic Wars 
               The Constitution Of Athens
               The Parable Of The Good Samaritan

   3. If somebody asks you for help, what should you always do
      unless you have a very good reason not to?

              Give them the help they request.
              Ignore the request because it is not your problem.
              Curse them for bothering you.


         For answers, click HERE!

CONCLUSION

You have now finished ETHICS CLASS. May you go forth into the world and put what you have learned to good use. Please also link to Ethics Class and share it with others who might benefit from it. Blessings to you!
                        Rev. Bill McGinnis
You can contact me, Bill McGinnis, at bmcgin@patriot.net.

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ETHICS & HUMAN RELATIONS
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       Rev. Bill McGinnis, Director - LoveAllPeople.org

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