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Keywords: Fact Copyright Facts Facts Are Not Copyrightable. Facts Are In The Public Domain. You Cannot Copyright A Fact.

Facts Are Not Copyrightable. They Are In The Public Domain.

A Service Of Internet Church Of Christ - LoveAllPeople.org
Rev. Bill McGinnis, Director

SUPREME COURT CASE

"Since facts do not owe their origin to an act of authorship, they are not original, and thus are not copyrightable."

And in a compilation of facts, such as an encyclopedia, "copyright protection extends only to those components of the work that are original to the author, not to the facts themselves."

Source: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=499&invol=340

              U.S. Supreme Court 

              FEIST PUBLICATIONS, INC. v. RURAL TEL. SERVICE CO., 499 U.S. 340 (1991) 
              499 U.S. 340 

              FEIST PUBLICATIONS, INC. v. RURAL TELEPHONE SERVICE CO., INC. 
              CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE TENTH CIRCUIT 

              No. 89-1909 

              Argued January 9, 1991 
              Decided March 27, 1991 

"Article I, 8, cl. 8, of the Constitution mandates originality as a prerequisite for copyright protection. The constitutional requirement necessitates independent creation plus a modicum of creativity. Since facts do not owe their origin to an act of authorship, they are not original, and thus are not copyrightable. Although a compilation of facts may possess the requisite originality because the author typically chooses which facts to include, in what order to place them, and how to arrange the data so that readers may use them effectively, copyright protection extends only to those components of the work that are original to the author, not to the facts themselves. This fact/expression dichotomy severely limits the scope of protection in fact-based works."

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=499&invol=340



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OUR "COMBINED PUBLIC DOMAIN DATABASE OF ACCEPTED FACTS"
Alexandria Research Associates is the fact-finding and problem-solving branch of LoveAllPeople.org. Its main functions are to identify the problems to be solved, then to gather the relevant facts about each problem, and then to find better solutions to each problem.

Alexandria Research Associates maintains various proprietary collections of facts, and each of these facts is in the Public Domain. When we use any of these facts in our various publications, typically we will cite the source as, "Source: Alexandria Research Associates Combined Public Domain Database Of Accepted Facts. See http://www.alexandriaresearchassociates.com "

Our Copyright-Related Pages
Please see all of our copyright-related pages . . .
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Facts Are Not Copyrightable
Copyright Law Does Not Cover Photographs Which Merely Copy Visual Works In The Public Domain
Our Original Content
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Blessings to you. May God help us all.

       Rev. Bill McGinnis, Director - LoveAllPeople.org

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